Who is an Elder?

An Elder is any person recognized by a First Nations’ community as having knowledge and understanding of the traditional culture of the community, including the physical manifestation of the culture of the people their spiritual and social traditions. Knowledge and wisdom, coupled with the recognition and respect of the people of the community, are the essential defining characteristics of an Elder. Some Elders have additional attributes, such as those of traditional healer.

In addition to having led an exceptional life based on the traditions, customs and culture of First Nations, an Elder is expected to have qualities such as:

  • Will be knowledgeable of First Nations’ heritage and history;
  • Will be knowledgeable and supportive of traditional First Nations’ ceremonies, protocols and songs;
  • Possess fluency and competency in a First Nations’ language;
  • Will be an advocate of traditional leadership, traditional governance and traditional law;
  • Will be aware and supportive of Treaty rights and history;
  • Will acknowledge the diversity of First Nations cultures, languages and traditions in Saskatchewan;
  • Will work to ensure the inter-generational transfer of traditional First Nations’ knowledge, history, culture, language and practices to the youth;
  • Will support and observe the sacredness of First Nations’ traditions, ceremonies, sites and practices;
  • Will have an understanding, be supportive and play a leading role in their kinship ties; and,
  • Will have a knowledge of First Nations’ traditional healing that may include the use of traditional plants used for healing.

Please note that this list is a starting point towards answering the question: Who is an Elder? Each First Nation has a term that defines these wisdom keepers, knowledge keepers, medicine people, healers and ceremonial persons. The term 'Elder" is a contemporary English word commonly used for these individuals. Many of these individuals are not comfortable with this term, as it does not adequately describe their role. Today, many of these individuals are reverting to the traditional term in their own language. Being an 'Elder' is not just about reaching a certain age but includes many principles.

The SICC is guided and advised by several Elders. Saskatchewan has eight First Nations language groups. Thus, there are eight Elders that comprise the SICC Elders Council (EC). The EC and SICC meet seasonally to discuss the work of the SICC and to discuss future work of the SICC.

Points of Interest


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SICC Elders Council

The Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations (FSIN) Convention Act Section 29 provides for the establishment of an Elders Council. This Council...

SICC Board of Governors

Uphold, advocate and assert the First Nations Inherent and Treaty Rights to language, culture, traditional arts and history...

INdigenous languages & cultures program

The Saskatchewan Indigenous Cultural Centre (SICC) is now accepting applications for the 2020-21 program year!

The Saskatchewan Indigenous Cultural Centre exists to protect, preserve and promote the languages and cultures of the eight language groups of what is now known as Saskatchewan: Plains Cree, Swampy Cree, Woodland Cree, Dene, Saulteaux, Dakota, Nakoda and Lakota.


Saskatchewan Indigenous Cultural Centre
305 - 2555 Grasswood Road East
Saskatoon SK S7T 0K1

Phone: 306-244-1146
Fax: 306-665-6520
Email: info@sicc.sk.ca